Roofs and attic spaces have two major enemies in all homes: heat build-up and moisture accumulation. Left unchecked these forces can cause a premature deterioration of the roof structure and materials as well as damaging insulation and increasing energy cost. The only defense is proper attic ventilation.
Arguably the easiest way to evaluate the quality of a roofing contractor’s work is to look at his past jobs. When you are choosing a roofing contractor, many will gladly provide you with a list of references if they believe that their work speaks for itself. You should look for references that are a few years old, so that you can assess how durable the construction is. It can also be important to find a contractor that is the right fit for you. Choosing someone that you aren’t comfortable with can lead to problems. Conversely, be selective and choose someone with excellent references, a proven track record and expertise. If you hear significant or consistent negative things about a contractor from references don’t ignore them. While every one seems nice at first, go with the facts you hear and see they seem legitimate.
Every do-it-yourself project-builder understands how important it is to know how to repair roof shingles. Fortunately, most projects relating to repairing or replacing roof shingles are basic enough that they can be tackled by the homeowner and won’t require the services of a contracted professional. However, it is important to realize that working on roofs pose a serious threat of danger, and it is vital to ensure your safety before working on a roof.
If you don’t trust your abilities than you should contract a professional who is trained and more secure in handling roof work. If however, you feel comfortable working on your roof, and then by all means, you should engage in the project and repair the shingles yourself. Some roofs may require you to replace individual shingles, or you may need to tear off the old shingles and install new ones. When roof shingles become damaged, they can cause your roof to leak and suffer damage.
Asphalt Shingles account for about 80% of the residential roof surfacing in the United States. Asphalt shingles are measured against a variety of standards that evaluate fire and wind resistance, tear strength, and other key performance indicators. Asphalt shingles come in “standard” (or 3-tab) and “designer” (architectural or multi-layered) varieties. Standard shingles have a lightly-textured flat surface, while designer shingles have a highly textured surface.
Wood Shingles and Shakes are made from cedar, redwood, southern pine and other woods; their natural look is popular in California, the Northwest and parts of the Midwest. Wood shingles are machine-sawn; shakes are handmade and rougher looking. A point to consider: Some local building codes limit the use of wood shingles and shakes because of concerns about fire resistance. Many wood shingles and shakes only have Class C fire ratings or no ratings at all. However, Class A fire ratings are available for certain wood shingle products that incorporate a factory-applied, fire-resistant treatment.
Tile — Clay or Concrete — is a durable roofing material. Mission and Spanish-style round-topped tiles are used widely in the Southwest and Florida, and flat styles also are available to create French and English looks. Tile is available in a variety of colors and finishes. Tile is heavy. If you are replacing another type of roof system with tile, you will need to verify that the structure can support the load.
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